On average, African Americans experience worse health outcomes than other racial and ethnic groups. More African Americans are diagnosed with HIV and more likely to die from HIV/AIDS than any other race. Many studies have suggested a link between experiences of racism and worse health outcomes. Whether it takes the form of overt discrimination or structural disadvantage, racism continues to influence how people are treated, what resources and jobs are available, where they are likely to live, how they perceive the world and their place in it, what environmental exposures they face, and what chances they have to reach their full potential. Important policies to address racism and its impact on health include more equitable school funding, better enforcement of anti-discrimination laws, housing mobility programs, better transportation, affirmative action, tax policy and land use, as well as economic revitalization, business investment, and wealth accumulation in communities of color.